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中国关键词“推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”

发布日期:2017-11-01 发布人:市外侨办 访问次数:1126

这是中共十八届三中全会提出的全面深化改革的总目标之一。“国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”是一种全新的政治理念,表明中国共产党对社会政治发展规律有了新的认识,是马克思主义国家理论的重要创新,也是中国共产党从革命党转向执政党的重要理论标志。

国家治理体系就是在党领导下管理国家的制度体系,包括经济、政治、文化、社会、生态文明和党的建设等各领域体制机制、法律法规安排,是一整套紧密相连、相互协调的国家制度。

国家治理能力就是运用国家制度管理社会各方面事务的能力,包括改革发展稳定、内政外交国防、治党治国治军等各个方面。

推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,方向就是中国特色社会主义道路。要大力培育和弘扬社会主义核心价值体系和核心价值观,加快构建充分反映中国特色、民族特性、时代特征的价值体系。

Modernizing the national governance system and capabilities

One of the policy goals of the expanded in-depth reform program set by the 18th CPC Central Committee at its Third Plenary Session in November 2013 is to modernize the national governance system and capabilities. This is a new political concept that reflects the CPC’s new understanding of the sociopolitical dynamics, and represents an important and innovative addition to the Marxist theory of the state. As a theoretical framework it also marks an important transition of the CPC from a revolutionary party to a party in power.

As China’s institutional infrastructure under the leadership of the CPC, the national governance system comprises a full array of interlocking and mutually supplementary mechanisms that address economic, political, cultural, social, ecological, and Party-building issues, as well as legal and normative frameworks.

The national governance capabilities refer to the ability to use the national system to manage state affairs, including domestic and foreign affairs, and issues associated with reform, development, stability, and national defense, and to pursue efforts to build an exemplary Party, a prosperous country and a strong military.

The modernization of the national governance system and capabilities should follow the socialist path with Chinese characteristics. Efforts should be made to foster and promote the core values of Chinese socialism, and accelerate the building of a value system that fully captures what China is, what the Chinese nation stands for, and what our mission today calls for.